Faculty Profiles

Gail Fraser

Associate Professor
Undergraduate Program Director
BSc (Biology) -
MSc (Zoology) -
PhD (Biopsychology) - Memorial University of Newfoundland

Areas of Academic Interest

  • Avian ecology

  • Wildlife management

  • Protected area management

  • Environment management of offshore oil and gas

Biography

My background is in marine and freshwater avian ecology. I have two main areas of research: environmental management of oil and gas extraction; and the ecology, conservationand management of avian wildlife.

My research is entwined with my teaching; understanding how to critically examine environmental data requires knowledge of scientific thought and of ecology. My goal as a teacher is to provide intellectually challenging and stimulating courses while providing the skills to think critically on environmental issues.

Major research projects

  • Wildlife management/aspects of avian ecology in Ontario
  • Environmental effects offshore oil and gas

Selected Publications

Carter, A.V., G.S. Fraser, A. Zalik 2017. Environmental Policy Convergence in Canada's Fossil Fuel Provinces? Regulatory Streamlining, Impediments, and Drift. Canadian Public Policy. 43(1):1-16 · February.

Fraser, G.S. and V. Racine 2016. An evaluation of the reporting and response to small hydrocarbon spills from offshore oil production projects, Newfoundland, Canada: Implications for seabird conservation. Marine Pollution Bulletin 107: 36-45.

Fraser, G.S. and J. Russell 2016.  Following up on uncertain environmental assessment predictions: The case of offshore oil projects and seabirds off Newfoundland and Labrador. Journal of Environmental Assessment, Policy and Management 18(1): 33 pgs.

Chin, A., D.C. Tozer, N.G. Walton and G.S. Fraser 2015.  Comparing bird-based disturbance gradients and indices of biotic integrity for ranking the health of great lakes coastal wetlands.  Ecological Indicators 57:475-485.

Fraser, G.S. 2014. Offshore oil and gas development impacts on marine wildlife resources.  In: Peak oil, Economic growth, and wildlife conservation (Eds, J.E. Gates,  D.L. Trauger, B. Czech). Springer. Pg 191-217.

Ellis, J.I., S.I. Wilhelm, A. Hedd, G.S. Fraser, G.J. Robertson, J.F. Rail, M. Fowler and K.H. Morgan 2013.  Mortality of migratory birds from marine commercial fisheries and offshore oil and gas production in Canada.  Avian Conservation and Ecology 8(2):4. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ACE-00589-080204. 

Foster, J. and G.S. Fraser 2013. Predators, prey and the dynamics of change at the Leslie Street Spit. In: Urban Explorations: Environmental Histories of the Toronto Region, (Eds, L. A. Sandberg, S. Bocking, C. Coates and K. Cruikshank).  L.R. Wilson Institute for Canadian Studies, Hamilton, ON.

Fraser, G.S., J. Russell, G. J. Robertson, R. Bryant and D. Fifield 2013.  Prospects for the Manx Shearwater colony on Middle Lawn Island, Newfoundland, Canada. Marine Ornithology 41:137-138.

Andrews, D., G.S. Fraser and D.V. Weseloh 2012.  Double-crested cormorant foraging ecology at a large colony in southern Ontario: Analyses of chick diet, feeding rates and foraging directions.  Waterbirds 35(sp1):82-90.

Ellis, J.I., G. Fraser and J. Russell 2012.  Discharged drill wastes from oil and gas platforms and its effects on benthic communities.  Marine Ecology Progress Series 456:285-302.

Elvin, S. and G.S. Fraser 2012. The need for a national Strategic Environmental Assessment for the Canadian offshore oil and gas industry with special emphasis on cumulative effects. Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management 14(3):1250015-1- 1250015-37.

Taylor, B. and G.S. Fraser 2012. Effects of egg oiling on ground nesting double-crested cormorants at a colony in Lake Ontario: an examination of nest-attendance behaviour.  Wildlife Research 39(4) 329-335.

Taylor, B., Andrews, D. and G.S. Fraser 2011. Double-crested cormorants and urban wilderness: conflicts and management. Urban Ecosystem 14:377-394.

Fraser, G.S. and J. Ellis 2008. Offshore hydrocarbon and synthetic hydrocarbon spills in eastern Canada: The Issue of follow-up and experience. Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management 10: 173 - 187.

Fraser, G.S. and J. Ellis 2008. The Canada-Newfoundland Atlantic Accord Implementation Act: Transparency of the environmental management of the offshore oil and gas industry.  Marine Policy 33(2): 312–316.

Elvin, S. and G.S. Fraser 2012. The need for a national Strategic Environmental Assessment for the Canadian offshore oil and gas industry with special emphasis on cumulative effects. Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management. 14(3):1250015-1- 1250015-37.

Taylor, B. and G.S. Fraser 2012. Effects of egg oiling on ground nesting double-crested cormorants at a colony in Lake Ontario: An examination of nest-attendance behaviour. Wildlife Research. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WR11035.

Taylor, B., Andrews, D. and G.S. Fraser 2011. Double-crested cormorants and urban wilderness: conflicts and management. Urban Ecosystem, 14:377-394.

Fraser, G.S. and J. Ellis 2008. Offshore hydrocarbon and synthetic hydrocarbon spills in eastern Canada: The Issue of follow-up and experience. Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management. 10: 173 - 187.

Fraser, G.S. and J. Ellis 2008. The Canada-Newfoundland Atlantic Accord Implementation Act: Transparency of the environmental management of the offshore oil and gas industry.  Marine Policy (Sept 2008, available online)