Faculty Profiles

Mark Winfield

Professor
Co-Chair, Sustainable Energy Initiative (SEI) & MES/JD Coordinator
Sustainable Energy Certificate Coordinator
BA Honours (Science & Technology Studies) - University of Toronto
MA (Political Science) - University of Toronto
PhD (Political Science) - University of Toronto

Areas of Academic Interest

  • Environmental Policy

  • Environmental Law

  • Sustainable Energy

  • Climate Change Policy

Biography

My current research and teaching activities are focused in three areas

  • Sustainable energy and climate change policy
  • Sustainability, environmental governance, and regulatory regimes.
  • Environmental sustainability and the political economy of Ontario

Sustainable Energy and climate change policy

Energy policy is central to the relationship between environmental sustainability and economic prosperity in Ontario and Canada. My research on this subject began while I was program director with the Pembina Institute. My work after joining York University in July 2007 has included a sustainability assessment of the Ontario Power Authority’s proposed Integrated Power System Plan and a study of the province’s policy framework related to energy conservation. I have also published on social conflicts related to the development of wind energy in Ontario and on the evolution of the province’s electricity policy framework. I have recently completed an SSHRC Connection grant supported seminar series on Ontario-Quebec energy and climate change issues and a major SSHRC PDG project on smart grids. I am currently co-investigator, focused on public policy, in an NESRC funded strategic research network on energy storage technologies, and co-investigator in an SSHRC PDG on Community Energy Planning. I have given numerous invited lectures and presentations, media interviews and had a number of opinion-editorial published on energy and climate change policy. I am Co-Chair of the University’s Sustainable Energy Initiative (http://sei.info.yorku.ca)  and a founding steering committee member of the Ontario Sustainable Energy Policy Network (www.onsep.org).

Sustainability, environmental governance and regulatory regimes

I have published research papers, book chapters, refereed articles and commentaries on various dimensions of environmental governance in Canada. The specific topics covered have included: the use of new public management, and smart and reflexive regulatory models in environmental and natural resource management policy; federalism and environmental and climate change policy, environmental and sustainability assessment; and approaches to policy implementation and evaluation in Canadian environmental policy. My recent work has focused on railway safety regulatory regimes in the aftermath of the Lac-Megantic disaster, and the post-2015 federal election reform of the Bill C-38 changes to the federal regulatory and approvals system for major energy and infrastructure projects.

Environmental Sustainability and the Political Economy of Ontario

The relationship between environmental sustainability and the political economy of Ontario has been a central focus of my research throughout my career, including my time with the Canadian Institute for Environmental Law and Policy (1992-2001) and the Pembina Institute (2001-2007).  My book Blue-Green Province (UBC Press 2012) provides a summation of this research to date and explores potential directions for the future evolution of the province’s society, economy and environment. I have followed up on these themes with a number of book chapters, articles, opinion-editorials and other publications, focused on energy, electricity and climate change policy.

My current research and teaching activities are focused in three areas:

  • Environmental Policy and governance
  • Sustainable energy
  • Sustainability of urban communities

Environmental policy and governance
My research in this area has been focused on institutional design and policy instrument choice in environmental and energy policy. My most recent work has been focussed on energy efficiency and climate change policy, as well as 'smart' regulation initiatives at the federal and provincial levels in Canada. My past environmental policy work has included the role of information technology and public access to information in environmental policy, institutional design for drinking water protection (for the Walkerton Inquiry), toxic substances pollution prevention, ecological fiscal reform, globalization, trade and the environment and the regulation of biotechnology. Over the coming years I hope to build on FES's parterships with Osgoode Hall Law School, Schulich School of Business, and other research units at York in these areas.

Sustainable Energy
My second major area of focus is the sustainability of energy systems. Over the past four years, I have focused particularly on electricity policy issues in Ontario, examining the potential contributions of energy efficiency and low-impact renewable energy sources to the province’s electricity system. My work has included extensive comparative analyses of Canadian energy policy in these areas relative to leading jurisdictions in the United States and European Union. I bring an extensive network of contacts in the energy field to FES.

Urban sustainability
The third major area of focus for my research has been on the sustainability of urban communities in Ontario, particularly within the Greater Golden Horseshoe region. This focus has been driven, in part by the impact of urban development patterns on transportation-related emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants in the region. My work has included case studies on the local implementation of ‘smart growth’ policies by Ontario municipalities and monitoring and analysis of provincial policy related to urban sustainability. I look forward to work with the Cities Institute at York.

Selected Publications

Books

Winfield, M., Blue-Green Province: The Environment and the Political Economy of Ontario (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2012).

Chapters in books

Winfield, M., “Electricity Planning and Sustainability Assessment: The Ontario Experience,” for R.B. Gibson, ed., Sustainability Assessment: Applications, (London: Earthscan, 2016)

Winfield, M., “Implementing Environmental Policy in Canada” for D. VanNijnatten, ed., Canadian Environmental Policy and Politics (4rd Edition) (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2015)

Winfield, M., “Ontario’s Green Energy and Green Economy Act as an Industrial Development Strategy” for S.McBride and C. Carla Lipsig-Mummé eds., Work and the Challenge of Climate Change: Canadian and International Perspectives (Kingston and Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press, 2015).

*Winfield, M., "The Environment, ‘Responsible Resource Development’ and Evidence Based Policy-Making in Canada", for Shaun Young ed., Evidence Based Policy-Making in Canada (Toronto: Oxford University Press 2013).

Winfield, M., "Thoughts from the Green Side: The Environmental Policy Experience," in R. McRae and E. Abergel, eds., Health and sustainability in the Canadian food system: Advocacy and opportunity for civil (Vancouver: UBC Press 2012).

Winfield, M., and D.Macdonald, "Federalism and Canadian Climate Change Policy for G.Skogstad and H.Bakvis, eds., Canadian Federalism: Performance, Effectiveness and Legitimacy 3rd edition, (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2012).

Winfield, M., "Policy Instruments in Canadian Environmental Policy," in R. Boardman and D. VanNijnatten, eds., Canadian Environmental Policy and Politics (3rd Edition) (Oxford University Press, 2009).

Winfield, M., "Polls, Politics and Sustainability," in G. Toner and J. Meadowcroft, eds.,Charting Sustainable Development in Canada 1987–2007 (Kingston and Montreal: McGill–Queens University Press, 2009).

Winfield M., “Canadian Energy Policy,” in S.Bernstein, Jutta Brunnee, David G. Duff, and Andrew J. Green, eds., A Globally Integrated Climate Policy for Canada(Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2008)

Winfield, M., and Macdonald, D., “Federalism and the Environment” in H.Bakvis and G.Skogstad, eds., Canadian Federalism: Performance, Effectiveness and Legitimacy 2nd Edition, (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2007) 266-288.

Winfield M., “Pollutant Release and Transfer Inventories in North America,” in D.Markell and J.Knox, eds., Greening NAFTA: The North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003) 38-46.

Winfield, M., “Environmental Policy and Federalism,” in H.Bakvis and G.Skogstad, eds., Canadian Federalism: Performance, Effectiveness and Legitimacy (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2001) 124-137.

Winfield,M., Nadarajah, R., Winter, C., Palardy, N., "The Environment: Our Future, Our Health" in Our Schools/Our Selves Education Foundation, The Ontario Alternative Budget Papers: What We Need and How to Fund it (Toronto: James Lorimer and Co. 1997) 134-149.

Winfield, M., and Heidenreich, B., "Sustainable Development, Public Policy and the Law," in Swaigen, J., ed., Environment on Trial: A Handbook of Ontario Environmental Law and Policy, (Toronto: Emond-Montgomery Publishers and the Canadian Institute for Environmental Law and Policy, 1993).

Winfield, M., and Swaigen, J., "Water," in Swaigen, J., ed., Environment on Trial: A Handbook on Ontario Environmental Law and Policy, (Toronto: Emond-Montgomery Publishers and the Canadian Institute for Environmental Law and Policy, 1993).

Articles in refereed journals

Winfield, M., “The Lac- Mégantic Disaster and Transport Canada’s Safety Management System (SMS) Model: Implications for Reflexive Regulatory Regimes,”Journal of Environmental Law and Practice, 28.3 (August 2016).

Winfield, M., “Decision-Making, Governance and Sustainability: Beyond the Age of “Responsible Resource Development'" Journal of Environmental Law and Practice,Conference Issue, August 2016.

Winfield, M., “Public Safety in Private Hands Re-Examined: The Case of Ontario’s Technical Safety and Standards Authority,” Canadian Public Administration Vol.58, No.3 (September 2015).

Winfield, M., and Dolter, B., "Energy, Economic and Environmental Discourses and their Policy Impact: The Case of Ontario’s Green Energy and Green Economy Act."Energy Policy 68 (2014) 423-435.

Winfield, M., "’Dirty Oil,’ ‘Responsible Resource Development’ and Prospects for a National Conversation about Energy Sustainability in Canada," submitted Journal of Environmental Law and Practice, 25 J.E.L.P. 2012.

Winfield, M., Mulvihill, P., and Etcheverry, J., "Strategic Environmental Assessment and Advanced Renewable Energy in Ontario:  Moving Forward or Blowing in the Wind?" Journal of Environmental Assessment, Planning and Management, Vol.15, No.2, June 2013.

Winfield, M., "The Role of Parliamentary and Legislative Committees in Canadian Environmental Policy Development and Evaluation: The Case of the House of Commons Standing Committee on Environment and Sustainable Development 1994-2004," Journal of Environmental Law and Practice  [22 J.E.L.P. 59-76] October 2010.

Winfield, M., Gibson , R., Markvart, T., Gaudreau, K. and Taylor, J., "Implications of Sustainability Assessment for Electricity System Design: The case of the Ontario Power Authority’s Integrated Power System Plan," Energy Policy, 38 (2010) 4115-4126.

Winfield M., and Gilbert R., “Point–Counterpoint: To Incinerator or Not to Incinerate”Alternatives Journal 33:2/3 (2007)

Winfield, M., “Alternative service delivery in the natural resources sector: An examination of Ontario’s forestry compliance self-inspection system,” Canadian Public Administration Vol.48, No.4., Winter 2005 552-574.

Winfield, M., Whorley, D., and Kaufman, S., “Public Safety in Private Hands: A Study of Ontario’s Technical Standards and Safety Authority,” Canadian Public Administration, Vol. 45, No.1, Spring 2002 24-51.

Winfield M., “A Political and Legal Analysis of Ontario’s Environmental Bill of Rights,” University of New Brunswick Law Journal, Vol. 47, 1998.

Winfield, M., and Jenish, G.,  “Ontario’s Environment and the ‘Common Sense Revolution,’” Studies in Political Economy, 57, Fall 1998.

Ford, G., Macdonald, D., and Winfield, M., "Who Pays for Past Sins: Financing the Clean-Up of Contaminated Sites in Canada” Alternatives, 20:4, Sept/Oct 1994.

Winfield, M., "The Ultimate Horizontal Issue: Environmental Politics and Policy in Alberta and Ontario 1971-1993," Canadian Journal of Political Science, Vol. XXVII:1, March 1994.

Non-refereed articles

Winfield, M., “Greening the Economy: Economic Stimuli and the Opportunity for Restructuring for Sustainability in Canada” Friends of the Greenbelt Foundation Occasional Papers Series, January 2009.

Winfield, M., “An Unimaginative People? Instrument Choice in Canadian Environmental Law and Policy” 2007 Saskatchewan Law Review Lecture, published in the Saskatchewan Law Review Volume 71(1), 2008.

Winfield, M., “Climate Change and Canadian Energy Policy: Policy Contradiction and Policy Failure,” Behind the Headlines Volume 65 Number 1 (January 2008).

Winfield, M., “Environmental Governance in Canada: From Regulatory Renaissance to Smart Regulation,” keynote address given at the annual Journal of Environmental Law and Practice Conference, Saskatchewan, June 2006. Published in Journal of Environmental Law and Practice (17 J.E.L.P.) 69-83.

Winfield, M., “We must exit road to crisis; Big trouble awaits if we keep segregating land uses and building suburbs for the car,” The Toronto Star September 1, 2007 (feature article prepared at request of the Toronto Star).

Opinion-Editorials

Winfield, M., “Make railway executives and directors liable for safety violations”Montreal Gazette, May 5, 2015.

Winfield, M., “Federal rail-safety measures remain inadequate” Montreal Gazette, February 25, 2015.

Winfield, M., “One year after Lac-Mégantic, changes to railway safety appear mostly cosmetic” Montreal Gazette, July 6, 2014.

Winfield, M., Olivier, P.O., "The next step for Ontario’s energy mix," The Ottawa Citizen, June 23, 2014.

Winfield, M., "Ontario vote split between have and have-not regions," The Toronto Star, June 16, 2014

Winfield, M., "Ontario’s not-so-green election," The Hamilton Spectator, June 3, 2014, The Toronto Star, June 5, 2014.

Winfield,M., "Lac-Megantic: The Case for a Judicial Inquiry," the Montreal Gazette, January 1, 2014.

Winfield, M., "Incubating Disaster: The Lac Megantic Rail Tragedy" the Ottawa Citizen July 24, 2013. Montreal Gazette July 26th, 2013, Edmonton Journal July 27, 2013

Winfield, M., "What lessons should Ontario draw from the gas-plant cancellation scandal? Ottawa Citizen, May 13, 2013.

Winfield, M., "Canada hits bottom with Kyoto withdrawal," The Toronto Star, December 15, 2011.

Winfield, M., "Ontario’s energy election," The Toronto Star, September 26, 2011.

Winfield, M., "Ontario’s Power Priorities," The Toronto Star, July 13, 2011

Winfield, M., "Nuclear second thoughts," The Toronto Star, March 25, 2011

Fast, S., Winfield, M., and Haley, B., "New meters not to blame for rising hydro bills,"The Toronto Star, October 3, 2010.

Winfield, M., “Public safety in public hands: rethinking the TSSA model” The Toronto Star, August 29, 2008.

Research Reports and Monographs

Winfield, M., A New Era of Environmental Governance in Canada: Better Decisions Regarding Infrastructure and Resource Development Projects (Toronto: George Cedric Metcalf Foundation, 2016)

Winfield, M., Rehman, N., Eret, M., Strifler, D., and Cockburn, P.,Understanding the Economic Impact of Renewable Energy Initiatives: Assessing Ontario’s Experience in a Comparative Context (Toronto: Sustainable Energy Initiative, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, 2013).

Winfield, M., and Koveshnikova, T., The Impact of the Ontario Energy Board’s Total Resource Cost Test on Local Distribution Company Electricity Conservation and Demand Management Initiatives. (Toronto: Faculty of Environmental Studies, July 2009) for the Electricity Distributors’ Association.

Winfield, M., Gibson, R.B., Markvart, T., Gaudreau  K., Taylor, J., An Analysis of the Ontario Power Authority’s Consideration of Environmental Sustainability in Electricity System Planning (Toronto and Waterloo: Faculties of Environmental Studies, York University and University of Waterloo, August 2008) for the Green Energy Coalition.

Tomalty, R., et.al, Winfield, M., (Project Director), Ontario Sustainable Communities Report 2007 (Toronto: Pembina Institute, August 2007).

Cobb, P., Peters, R., and Winfield, M., Renewable is Doable: A Smarter Energy Plan for Ontario, Report No. 1: Analysis of Resource Potential and Scenario Assumptions(Toronto: Pembina Institute, August 2007).

Winfield, M., et.al., Nuclear Power in Canada: An Examination of Impacts, Risks and Sustainability (Toronto: Pembina Institute, December 2006).

Winfield, M., Building Sustainable Urban Communities in Ontario: 2006 Provincial Progress Report (Toronto: Pembina Institute, October 2006).

Winfield, M., Peters, R., Hall S., A Quick Start Energy Efficiency Strategy for Ontario(Toronto: Pembina Institute, April 2006).

Winfield, M., Towards a Sustainable Electricity System for Ontario: A Provincial Progress Report (Ottawa: The Pembina Institute, November 2005).

Brunt, C., Winfield, M., Local Implementation of Smart Growth Policies in Ontario: Three Case Studies (Ottawa: Pembina Institute, July 2005).

Winfield, M., Building Sustainable Urban Communities in Ontario: A Provincial Progress Report (Ottawa: Pembina Institute, June 2005).

Winfield, M., and Taylor, A., Rebalancing the Load: The Need for an Aggregate Resources Conservation Strategy for Ontario (Ottawa: Pembina Institute, January 2005).

Winfield, M., Towards Implementation? Building Sustainable Urban Communities in Ontario (Ottawa: Pembina Institute, July 2004).

Winfield, M., Horne, M., McClenaghan, T., and Peters, R., Power for the Future: Towards a Sustainable Electricity System for Ontario (Toronto: Pembina Institute and Canadian Environmental Law Association, May 2004).

Winfield, M., Building Sustainable Urban Communities in Ontario: Overcoming the Barriers (Ottawa: Pembina Institute, December 2003).

Winfield, M., The 2003 Ontario Environment Handbook (Toronto: Pembina Institute and Environmental Communications Options, September 2003).

Winfield, M. and Benevides, H., Self-Inspection and Compliance in the Ontario Forest Industry (Ottawa: Pembina Institute, April 2003).

Winfield, M., Smart Growth in Ontario: The Promise vs. Provincial Performance(Ottawa: Pembina Institute, March 2003).

Winfield, M.,  Coumans, C.,  Kuyek, J., Meloche, F., Taylor, A., Looking Beneath the Surface: An Assessment of the Value of Canadian Government Support to the Metal Mining Industry (Ottawa: Pembina Institute and MiningWatch Canada, October 2002).

Jacott, M.,  Reed, C.,  and Winfield, M., The Generation and Management of Hazardous Wastes and Transboundary Hazardous Waste Shipments Between Mexico, Canada and the United States ( Austin, Texas: Texas Centre for Policy Studies, April 2001).

Winfield, M., Kaufman, S., and Whorley, D., A Study of Ontario’s Technical Standards and Safety Authority and the Consequences of Putting Public Safety in Private Hands (Toronto: Canadian Institute for Environmental Law and Policy, July 2000).

WORK SUBMITTED

Refereed Journal Articles

Winfield, M., and Weiler, S., “Beyond Smart Meters; The State of Smart Grid Policy and Practice in Ontario,” submitted for special section Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews as part of “Unlocking the Potential of Smart Grids” project, July 2015.

MacRae, R., and Winfield, M., “A little regulatory pluralism with your counter-hegemonic advocacy? Blending analytical frames to construct joined-up food policy in Canada” submitted to Canadian Food Studies December 2014.

Book Chapters

*Winfield, M., and B.MacWhirter, "Competing  paradigms, Policy Windows and the Search for Sustainability in Ontario Electricity Policy," in G.Albo and R.McDermid, eds., Divided Province: Ontario in the Age of Neo-Liberalism" University of Toronto Press. in peer review.

*Winfield, M.,   "Environmental Policy in Ontario: ‘Greening’ the province from the dynasty to Wynne" in J.Malloy and C.Collier, Government and Politics of Ontario, 6thEdition University of Toronto Press, in press.

WORK IN PROGRESS

Book Chapters

Refereed Journal Articles

Winfield, M., and Weiler, S., "Complexity and technological transitions: the case of smart grids."

INVITED ADDRESSES/PUBLIC LECTURES

Winfield, M., “Building policy frameworks for energy storage technologies in Canada,” NSERC Energy Storage Technology Network Technical Conference, Toronto, Ontario June 23, 2016.

“The Prospects for Next Generation Environmental Assessment Legislation,” Environmental Assessment Summit, University of Ottawa, May 1, 2016.

Winfield, M., Zeeman, J., and Weiler, S., “The Emerging World Behind the Meter,” Ontario Network for Sustainable Energy Policy Workshop, Picton, Ontario, April 22, 2016.

“The Role of Cities in Implementing the Paris Agreements,” United Nations Association and Consul General of France Conference on COP 21, University of Toronto, April 24, 2016.

“Climate Change Policy in Ontario,” Department of Geography, University of Toronto, March 12, 2016.

“Climate Change Policy Options for Ontario” Professional Engineers of Ontario Climate Change Conference, Toronto, March 5, 2016

“Intergovernmental Cooperation in Canadian Climate Change Policy” Centre for Innovation in International Governance/Wilfrid Laurier University Climate Choices Canada Conference, Waterloo, February 19, 2016

“Incorporating Climate Change into Governmental Decision-Making at the Provincial Level” Centre for Innovation in International Governance/Wilfrid Laurier University Climate Choices Canada Conference, Waterloo, February 18, 2016

“Ontario climate change policy: Complementary Policies” University of Toronto School of the Environment Minden Symposium on Ontario Climate Change Policy, September 30, 2015.

“Implications of the 2015 Alberta Election for Intergovernmental Relations” Ontario Ministry of Intergovernmental Affairs, June 9, 2015.

“Railway safety and the Lac-Meganic Disaster” Rail Safety First Town Hall, Toronto, Ontario, May 27, 2015.

“Shared Interests? Ontario, Quebec, Electricity and Climate Change,” FES/HEC workshop on Ontario, Quebec, Electricity and Climate Change: Advancing the Dialogue, Montreal, April 10, 2015.

“Carbon Taxes, Cap and Trade and Sectoral Regulation: Options for Climate Change Mitigation in Ontario,” CIGI International Law Research Program workshop, Toronto, Ontario, February 18, 2015.

“The Lac-Megantic Rail Disaster: One Year Later” address to the 28th annual Transportation Conference, Burlington, Ontario, October 8, 2014.

“The future of Ontario electricity policy,” address to Canadian Wind Energy Association Board of Directors, Toronto, June 17, 2014.

"Renewable Energy Development in Ontario: Outcomes and Barriers," Canada-US Law Institute annual conference, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, April 4th, 2014.

"Subnational Responses to Climate Change in Canada," Canada-US Law Institute annual conference, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, April 4th, 2014.

"Blue-Green Province: The Environment and the Political Economy of Ontario," Department of Geography Seminar Series, University of Toronto at Mississauga, March 25, 2014.

“Ontario’s Green Energy Experience,” Transitioning to 100% Renewable Energy Thought Leaders’ Forum, University of Calgary, February 13, 2014 – via video conference.

“Energy Transitions in Ontario,” German-Canada Seminar on Energy Transitions, Carleton University, October 29, 2013

“Planning for Uncertainty: The Future of Ontario Electricity Policy,” Sustainable Energy Initiative Ontario Energy Policy Round Table, October 26, 2013.

The Political Economy of Scientific Evidence in Decision-Making” address to the Ontario Association for Impact Assessment October 24, 2013

“The Lac-Megantic Tragedy: A Case Study in Disaster Incubation,” FES Seminar Series, October 17, 2013.

"Green Jobs and Renewable Energy" Sustainable Energy Initaitive - New Research on Sustainable Energy, May 24, 2013.

"Climate Change Policy in Ontario: Evolution and Evaluation" Ontario Climate Change Research Symposium, May 13, 2013.

"Green Jobs and Renewable Energy" Ontario Network for Sustainble Energy Policy Workshop, April 24, 2013.

"Mining and Sustainability," International Relations Society (University of Toronto), March 17, 2013.

"A Towards Sustainable Energy Strategy for Canada" Walter Gordon Public Policy Symposium, March 17, 2013.

"The privatization of regulatory functions: The Case of Ontario," Faculty of Law, University of Manitoba, September 20, 2012 (Via Video Link).

"Renewable energy and climate change," Climate Change Lawyer’s Network, September 28, 2012.

"The Green Economy and its Implications for Ontario’s Conservation Authorities," presentation to Conservation Ontario Green Economy Workshop, June 15, 2012

"Sustainability, Resilience and Re-Imagining Cities," Re ‐imagining Our Cities: Toward a Comprehensive Strategy for the Urban Economies of Southern Ontario workshop, City Institute, York University, April 13, 2012.

"Blue-Green Province: The Environment and the Political Economy of Ontario," York University Sustainable Energy Initiative Seminar Series, March 19, 2012

"Canada Post-Kyoto: The Future of Canadian Climate Change Policy," McMaster University Centre for Climate Change, March 13, 2012

"Blue-Green Province: The Environment and the Political Economy of Ontario," University of Toronto Centre for the Environment Seminar Series, February 29, 2012

"Blue-Green Province: The Environment and the Political Economy of Ontario," York University Faculty of Environmental Studies, February 20, 2012

"Sustainability, Conservation and Renewal: Towards a Sustainable Electricity System for Ontario," address to Joint York University/Ryerson University Seminar on Sustainable Energy, June 21, 2011.

"Ontario’s planning ‘revolution’ and its impact on ‘complete streets," at Complete Streets Forum, University of Toronto, April 28, 2011

"York University’s Sustainable Energy Initiative," presentation to the Ontario Sustainable Energy Policy Network annual policy workshop, April 26, 2011.

Discussant, "Policy Convergence: A Quieter Route for North American Climate Change Policy," at Designing Integration: Regional Governance on Climate Change in North America Conference, Wilfred Laurier University, September 23, 2010.

"The Role of Parliamentary and Legislative Committees in Environmental Policy Development and Evaluation in Canada," presentation to the Charles Caccia: Contributions to Sustainability and Environmental Policy Symposium, University of Ottawa, May 13, 2010.

"Strengthening the Role of Local Distribution Companies in Electricity Conservation and Demand Management in Ontario," presentation to the Ontario Sustainable Energy Policy Network, Niagara on the Lake, Ontario April 26, 2010.

"Electricity and Ontario’s Boreal Forest," address to the Ontario ENGO Boreal-Energy Meeting, Toronto, April 12, 2010.

Sustainability, Conservation and Renewal: Towards a Sustainable Electricity System for Ontario," address to Canadian Society for Civil Engineering, McMaster University Chapter, February 9, 2010.

"Reflections on Ontario Electricity Policy," address to the Northwind Professional Institute, Electricity Invitational Forum, Cambridge, Ontario, January 29, 2010.

"Strengthening the Role of Local Distribution Companies in Electricity Conservation and Demand Management in Ontario," address to the Annual Conference of the Association of Municipalities of Ontario, Markham, November 16, 2009.

"Reflections on the Environment, Sustainability and Climate Change in Ontario," address to the Environmental Priorities for Ontario Workshop, Buckhorn, Ontario, October 20, 2009.

"Models for New Build?" panellist on public policy panel, International Nuclear Law Association Nuclear Inter Jura Conference, Toronto, October 7, 2009.

"Fiscal Issues and Urban Growth in the Greater Golden Horseshoe," address to theGreen Party of Ontario Policy Workshop on Sustainable Development of the Golden Horseshoe, Toronto, October 3, 2009.

"The Green Energy and Green Economy Act, 2009 and the Future of Ontario’s Electricity System," address to Osgoode Hall Law School’s Professional Development Continuing Legal Education6 Seminar — Bill 150 The Green Energy and Green Economy Act, 2009: The Legal and Practical Implications, Toronto, June 15, 2009.

“The emergence of the Green Party as a significant factor in Ontario politics” presentation to joint Canadian Political Science Association and Environmental Studies Association of Canada round table on Political Ecology, Congress of Humanities and Social Sciences, Vancouver, June 4, 2008.

“Assessing Community Sustainability in Ontario” address to the Community Quality Life: From Indicators to Action Conference (Sponsored by Ontario Healthy Communities Coalition), Sault Ste. Marie, May 29, 2008.

“Nuclear Power in Canada: Examining the Risks and Impacts of Uranium Mining,” presentation to the Citizens’ Inquiry on Uranium Mining, Peterborough, April 15, 2008.

“Canada’s Climate Change Challenge,” address to the Energy 2100 Conference(Sponsored by McMaster University) Toronto, April 22, 2008.

“Reflections on the Environment, Sustainability and Climate Change in Ontario,” address to the Governing Ontario – McGuinty Mandate # 2 Conference (sponsored by the Public Policy Forum) Toronto, April 1, 2008.

“Sustainability, Conservation and Renewal: Towards a Sustainable Electricity System for Ontario” address to the University of Western Ontario Department of Geography Seminar Series, London, March 14, 2008.

“Mineral Aggregates and Sustainability in Ontario,” address to the Annual Meeting of the Ontario Sand and Gravel Association, Toronto, February 22, 2008.

“Renewable is Doable: A Smarter Electricity Plan for Ontario” presentation University of Toronto School of Continuing Studies University Lecture Series, Markham, December 6, 2007.

“Canada’s Energy Policy,” presentation to A Globally Integrated Climate Policy for Canada Conference (Sponsored by the University of Toronto) Toronto, November 2, 2007.

“Polls, Politics and Sustainability” presentation to the Facing Forward – Looking Back: Charting Sustainable Development in Canada 1987-1997-2007 Conference(Sponsored by Carleton University) Ottawa, October 18, 2007.

“An Unimaginative People? Instrument Choice in Canadian Environmental Law and Policy,” 2007 Saskatchewan Law Review Lecture, College of Law, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, October 15, 2007.

“Legitimacy and Electricity Policy in Ontario,” address to the Good Governance and the North American Electricity Sector: Can North America’s Federal Systems Meet the Challenges? Workshop (Sponsored by the Forum of Federations and the Queen’s University Institute for Energy and Environmental Policy) Toronto, October 2, 2007.

Conference Papers

Winfield, M., “Green Jobs and Renewable Energy: The Case of Ontario’s Green Energy and Green Economy Act,” Work in a Warming World Conference, Toronto, December 1, 2013.

Winfield, M., “Ontario Smart Grid Development,” Unlocking the Potential of Smart Grids Workshop, November 26, 2013.

Winfield, M., “Understanding the Economic Impact of Renewable Energy Initiatives,” A.D. Latournell Conservation Symposium, November 21, 2013.

Winfield, M., “Green Jobs and Renewable Energy,” Ontario Network for Sustainable Energy Policy, Annual Workshop, April 26, 2013.

“The Role of Parliamentary and Legislative Committees in Environmental Policy Development and Evaluation in Canada,” presentation to the Charles Caccia: Contributions to Sustainability and Environmental Policy Symposium, University of Ottawa, May 13, 2010.

“Strengthening the Role of Local Distribution Companies in Electricity Conservation and Demand Management in Ontario,” presentation to the Ontario Sustainable Energy Policy Network, Niagara on the Lake, Ontario April 26, 2010.

Winfield, M. and Taylor, A., “Tax Expenditures and Environmental Sustainability in Canada: Two Case Studies,” paper given at the Osgoode Hall Law School’s Tax Expenditures and Public Policy in a Comparative Perspective Conference,September 12, 2009.

Harrison K., Pacheco-Vega, P., and Winfield, M., “The Politics of Information Dissemination: International Institutions, Transnational Coalitions and Policy Change,” paper given at the Annual Research Conference of the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management, November 2003.

Winfield, M., and Whorley, D., “Competing Narratives in the Walkerton Tragedy: Locating Institutional Factors in Tragic Choices,” paper given at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Political Science Association, May 2002.

Winfield, M., “The North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation: A Case Study in International Environmental Governance,” presentation at Queen’s University, Institute for Intergovernmental Relations, Conference on Globalization, Multilevel Governance and Global Perspectives, May 3–4, 2002.

Winfield, M., “Local Water Management in Canada,” paper given at the International Development Research Centre Conference on Local Water Management, March 2002.

Winfield, M., “Devolution of Local Water Management: Lessons from Canada,” paper given at the International Development Research Centre Conference on Local Water Management, March 2002.