Faculty of Environmental Studies


Winfield, Mark S

Winfield, Mark S
Associate Professor
Co-Chair, Sustainable Energy Initiative (SEI) & MES/JD Coordinator
BA (Science & Technology Studies)
PhD (Political Science) - Toronto

Areas of Academic Interest

  • Environmental Policy
  • Environmental Law
  • Sustainable Energy
  • Urban Sustainability
  • Climate Change Policy

My current research and teaching activities are focused in three areas:

  • Environmental Policy and governance
  • Sustainable energy
  • Sustainability of urban communities

Environmental policy and governance
My research in this area has been focused on institutional design and policy instrument choice in environmental and energy policy. My most recent work has been focussed on energy efficiency and climate change policy, as well as 'smart' regulation initiatives at the federal and provincial levels in Canada. My past environmental policy work has included the role of information technology and public access to information in environmental policy, institutional design for drinking water protection (for the Walkerton Inquiry), toxic substances pollution prevention, ecological fiscal reform, globalization, trade and the environment and the regulation of biotechnology. Over the coming years I hope to build on FES's parterships with Osgoode Hall Law School, Schulich School of Business, and other research units at York in these areas.

Sustainable Energy
My second major area of focus is the sustainability of energy systems. Over the past four years, I have focused particularly on electricity policy issues in Ontario, examining the potential contributions of energy efficiency and low-impact renewable energy sources to the province’s electricity system. My work has included extensive comparative analyses of Canadian energy policy in these areas relative to leading jurisdictions in the United States and European Union. I bring an extensive network of contacts in the energy field to FES.

Urban sustainability
The third major area of focus for my research has been on the sustainability of urban communities in Ontario, particularly within the Greater Golden Horseshoe region. This focus has been driven, in part by the impact of urban development patterns on transportation-related emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants in the region. My work has included case studies on the local implementation of ‘smart growth’ policies by Ontario municipalities and monitoring and analysis of provincial policy related to urban sustainability. I look forward to work with the Cities Institute at York.

Other positions/affiliations

Select prizes and awards

  • Metcalf Foundation, Leaders in the Field Fellowship, 2007

Select publications

Books and monographs

Winfield, M., Blue-Green Province: The Environment and the Political Economy of Ontario (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2012).

Winfield, M., and T. Koveshnikova “The Impact of the Ontario Energy Board’s Total Resource Cost Test on Electricity Conservation and Demand Management Initiatives by Local Distribution Companies, 2009).

Winfield, M., Gibson, R.B., Markvart, T., Gaudreau K., Taylor, J., An Analysis of the Ontario Power Authority’s Consideration of Environmental Sustainability in Electricity System Planning (Toronto and Waterloo: Faculties of Environmental Studies, York University and University of Waterloo, August 2008) for the Green Energy Coalition.

Chapters in books

Winfield, M., "Thoughts from the Green Side: The Environmental Policy Experience," in R. MacRae and E.Abergel, eds., Health and Sustainability in the Canadian Food System: Advocacy and Opportunity for Civil Society. (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2012).

Winfield, M. and D. MacDonald, "Federalism and Canadian Climate Change Policy for G. Skogstad and H. Bakvis, eds., Canadian Federalism Performance, Effectiveness and Legitimacy, 3rd Ed., (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2012).

Winfield, M., “Policy Instruments in Canadian Environmental Policy,” in R. Boardman and D. VanNijnatten, eds., Canadian Environmental Policy and Politics (3rd Edition) (Oxford University Press, 2009).

Winfield, M., “Polls, Politics and Sustainability,” in G. Toner and J. Meadowcroft, eds., Charting Sustainable Development in Canada 1987–2007 (Kingston and Montreal: McGill–Queens University Press, 2009).

Winfield M., Demerse, C., and Whitmore, J., “Climate Change and Canadian Energy Policy,” in S. Bernstein, J. Brunnee, D. Duff and A. Green, eds., A Globally Integrated Climate Policy for Canada (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2008).

Winfield, M., and Macdonald, D., “The Harmonization Accord and Climate Change Policy: Two Case Studies in Federal-Provincial Environmental Policy” in H. Bakvis and G. Skogstad, eds., Canadian Federalism: Performance, Effectiveness and Legitimacy (2nd Edition) (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2007) 266–288.

Winfield M., “Pollutant Release and Transfer Inventories in North America,” in D. Markell and J. Knox, eds., Greening NAFTA: The North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003) 38–46.

Winfield, M., “Environmental Policy and Federalism,” in H. Bakvis and G. Skogstad, eds., Canadian Federalism: Performance, Effectiveness and Legitimacy (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2001) 124–137.

Articles in refereed journals

Mulvihill, P., Winfield, M. and Etcheverry, J., "Strategic environmental assessment and advanced renewable energy in Ontario: Moving forward or blowing in the wind? Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, Volume 15, Number 2, June, DOI:10.1142/S1464333213400061, June 2013.

Winfield, M., “The Role of Parliamentary and Legislative Committees in Canadian Environmental Policy Development and Evaluation: The Case of the House of Commons Standing Committee on Environment and Sustainable Development 1994-2004,” Journal of Environmental Law and Practice [22 J.E.L.P. 59-76] October 2010.

Winfield, M., Gibson, R., Markvart, T., Gaudreau, K. and Taylor, J., “Implications of Sustainability Assessment for Electricity System Design: The case of the Ontario Power Authority’s Integrated Power System Plan,” Energy Policy, 38 (2010) 4115-4126.

Winfield, M., “Alternative Service Delivery in the Natural Resources Sector: An Examination of Ontario’s Forestry Compliance Self-inspection System,” Canadian Public Administration Vol. 48, No. 4, Winter 2005, 552–574.

Winfield, M., Whorley, D., and Kaufman, S., “Public Safety in Private Hands: A Study of Ontario’s Technical Standards and Safety Authority,” Canadian Public Administration Vol. 45, No. 1, Spring 2002, 24–51.

Papers in refereed conference proceedings

Jaicott, M., Reed, C., and Winfield, M., “Energy Use in the North American Cement Industry: Emissions, Waste Generation and Pollution Control 1990–2003,” paper prepared for the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation’s 2nd North American Symposium on Assessing the Environmental Effects of Trade, March 2003.

Jaicott, M., Reed, C., and Winfield, M., “Hazardous Waste Management in North America,” paper prepared for the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation Conference on the Environmental Effects of the NAFTA, October 2000.