BES Degree Requirements

You will automatically be placed in the 90-credit Bachelor’s program if you do not achieve or maintain the minimum grade requirements for the Honours degree program. If you are registered for an Honours degree, you may choose to graduate with a 90-credit BES if you fulfill that program’s requirements.

In order to graduate with a BES degree, a student must successfully complete a minimum of 90 credits and achieve the required minimum grade point average (GPA) of 4.0, including the requirements outlined below:

General Education (at least 12 credits):

Following York's philosophy of undergraduate education, BES students are required to study in humanities and the natural sciences.

Humanities Requirement:
The BES humanities requirement can be satisfied by taking ENVS 1800 6.0 or a 1000-level course (at least 6 credits) from the following: Classical Studies; English; French Studies; History; Humanities; Languages, Literature and Linguistics; or Philosophy.

Science Requirement:
The science requirement is met by taking ENVS 1500 6.0 Introduction to Science for Environmental Studies or Biology 1000 3.0 and Biology 1001 3.0.

NOTE:
Students who declared Environmental Management: Policy, Resources and Conservation as their Area of Concentration are required to take either ENVS 1500 6.0 or Biology 1000 3.0 and Biology 1001 3.0 to fulfill their Science Requirement.

Required Core Environmental Studies Courses (15 credits):

  • ENVS 1000 6.0 Earth in Our Hands
  • ENVS 1200 6.0 Taking Action: Engaging People and the Environment
  • ENVS 2009 3.0 Quantitative Methods in Environmental Studies (formerly 3009 3.0) OR ENVS 3010 3.0 Qualitative Methods in Environmental Studies

NOTE:
Students enrolled in the Environmental Management Area of Concentration are required to take ENVS 2410 3.0 and ENVS 2420 3.0; further, they are required to take both ENVS 2009 3.0 and ENVS 3010 3.0.

Area of Concentration Requirement (at least 12 credits):

  • ENVS 2100 6.0 Foundations in Environment and Culture: Philosophy, Arts, Technology and Education
  • ENVS 2200 6.0 Foundations of Urban and Regional Environments: Analysis, Planning and Design
  • ENVS 2300 6.0 Foundations of Environmental Politics: Development, Globalization and Justice
  • ENVS 2400 6.0 Foundations of Environmental Management: Policy, Resources and Conservation

Faculty Requirement (24 credits):

A minimum of 24 credits at the 3000 or 4000 level in Environmental Studies (ENVS) courses in addition to the above. Of these, at least 12 credits must be in the declared Area of Concentration; the remaining 12 credits can be taken from other areas of concentration and must be taken in the context of the Program Checklist.

Out-of-Faculty Requirements (12 credits outside student’s Area of Concentration):

In addition to the general education requirements, students must take 12 credits outside of the Faculty. These courses are selected in the context of the student's Area of Concentration and Program Checklist.

Free Electives:

Students must take up to 15 credits from any undergraduate program (including FES). These courses are selected in the context of the student’s Area of Concentration and Program Checklist. Students pursuing the 90-credit Bachelor in Environmental Studies are required to declare an Area of Concentration. Course selection will be determined through the normal academic advising and Program Checklist processes.