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Science, Conservation, and Indigenous Rights: The Political Ecology of the George River Caribou Herd

Science, Conservation, and Indigenous Rights: The Political Ecology of the George River Caribou Herd

Written by: Romea Dennis
Published in: Outstanding Papers - Year: 2018
Book Line: Vol. 24 No. 9 ISSN 1702-3548


Caribou decline in Labrador is driven by habitat degradation, climate change and
industrial development. The George River caribou herd has declined by 99% to fewer than 6,000
animals since the 1990s. The provincial government has enacted a hunting moratorium to stave
off extinction, but thus far the policy has only been successful in enraging local indigenous
groups. Political ecology finds the connections between the social and biophysical factors that
led to the near extinction of what was once the largest migratory caribou herd on Earth.